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Situated on the eastern shore of Lake Como, in the shadow of Mount Legnoncino, Dervio stands on a wide green peninsula crossed by the Varrone stream, which flows down from the valley of the same name. The first settlements presumably date back to the Bronze Age, when nomadic peoples of Celtic origin founded villages (gau). The Celts are also credited with the etymology of the name Dervio, which is said to derive from the Welsh/Breton root Derw and the Gallic root Dervo, both meaning 'oak'; the name is said to have been given due to the presence of a sacred forest in the area, a hypothesis probably confirmed by the Latin inscriptions dedicated to the Matrone Dervonne, local deities. Subsequently, the area was conquered by the Romans, who in the 4th century A.D., given its strategic position on the communication route between Valtellina and Milan, began to erect various towers and fortifications; the Castelvedro in Mai (5th century), a castle that was part of the ancient defence system against the Barbarians, now reduced to ruins, plausibly dates back to this period. Following the fall of the Roman Empire, the area was invaded by the Goths, the Lombards and finally the Franks; in the meantime, the spread of Christianity transformed the Roman pagi into parish churches. In the first half of the 11th century, Dervio, which sided with the Archbishop of Milan, entered into conflict with the Three Larian Parishes (Sorico, Gravedona and Dongo), which fought for the Duke of Franconia. Later, the town was also the scene of the ten-year war between Milan and Como. The archbishops of Milan were succeeded by the Visconti and Sforza families, until the Spanish rule, which marked the beginning of a period of decadence, characterised by plundering and pestilence. Only in the 19th century, under Austrian rule, was there a rebirth thanks to the flourishing iron industry and the exploitation of the mines in Val Varrone. With the foundation of mechanical industries, paper mills, shipyards and the construction of important communication routes, the town reached its maximum economic development. Today, Dervio is one of the most important tourist resorts in the Alto Lario area. Thanks to its location in the lake, which is always windy, it is considered a sailing paradise. The town is an ideal destination for water sports enthusiasts but also for outdoor enthusiasts: there are numerous paths to be followed on foot and in some cases also by mountain bike in the surrounding mountains. The most famous of these is the Sentiero del Viandante (Wayfarer's Path), the ancient half-hike along the eastern shore of the lake. Those in search of relaxation will also find in Dervio the perfect destination for their holiday, with numerous beaches, green areas and the extensive and refined lakeside promenade. From an artistic point of view, the churches in the municipality are of considerable interest, in particular the Church of Saints Quirico and Giulitta, one of the oldest sacred buildings in the area, the Parish Church of Saints Peter and Paul and the Church of St Thomas of Canterbury in Corenno Plinio, dating back to the end of the 12th century. On a cliff overlooking Dervio stands the Castle of Orezia, first mentioned in 1039-40 and of which a well-preserved keep now remains. Finally, the picturesque village of Corenno Plinio deserves special mention. Dominated by the castle of the Andreani Counts, the village is a succession of old houses and narrow streets that descend steeply to the lake, making it one of the most picturesque places on the entire Lake Como.
Situated on the eastern shore of Lake Como, in the shadow of Mount Legnoncino, Dervio stands on a wide green peninsula crossed by the Varrone stream, which flows down from the valley of the same name. The first settlements presumably date back to the Bronze Age, when nomadic peoples of Celtic origin…